As found out after some discussion in the thread [Bug] 1.8 Beta Preview - Colonization Events, the modifications to a planet due to the ideological choices that are presented to a player when a planet is colonized are not showing up in the inital planetary information window that is shown upon colonization. Once the planet is clicked on again afterwards, however, then the info is being displayed as normal.
Here are three screenshots showing what I am talking about:
These show which ideological choice I chose that it didn't initally show up in the Research area, but did show up after I went away from the planet info window and came back to it later that same turn.
I am in the middle of submitting a ticket on this bug and will edit into this post when it finishes uploading.
EDIT: TIcket Sent: #LPF-135-25273